Located in western South America, the Republic of Peru is the third country in this part of the continent by surface area, 1,285,220 square kilometres. It has about 29 million inhabitants, and its capital is Lima, the largest city in the country, with 8 million inhabitants. The official language is Spanish. Since 2002, Peru is divided into 25 regions, which are themselves divided into provinces.
The official languages are Spanish and Quechua (Inca language); however, many other languages are spoken, such as the Aymara (language of the region of Puno).
English is used in hotels in large cities such as Lima, Arequipa and Cusco